The Queen Gorgo of Sparta, holds an important position in history, as she can be used as a measuring stick of what womens roles were like in ancient Sparta, as recorded by Herodotus and Plutarch.
Her frank discussions with her father the king, even at one time pursuading his judgement really tells the difference on how women were seen, not just between Sparta and Athens, but Sparta and the rest of the known world.
The origin of the name Gorgo comes from the Gorgon Medusa and the name is still a popular one for girls in Greece today, when translated into english it becomes Georgia.
Being an only child in the family, and after her father's death in prison, she married his brother, Leonidas, who became king and was the hero of the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Like her namesake Gorgophone, Gorgo remarried another Spartan king, and spawned yet another. Gorgo herself was renowned in Spartan legend, and it is curious that she bore the name that was so closely identified with the legendary Perseus and his daughter, who, if they really lived, pre-dated Gorgo by over seven centuries. Chief sources for Gorgophone are Pausanias, books 2 and 4, and Apollodorus, Books 1 and 3. Plutarch's works contain a good deal on Gorgo, and she appears in a couple of Herodotus's anecdotes that emphasize her close ties with her father and his trust in her acuity of judgement.
Herodotus: vi. 49-51
Herodotus: vii 239
Themopylae the battle that changed the world
The Spartans and epic history
Plutarch on Sparta